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National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

About

  • It aims to reduce particulate matter (PM) pollution by 20%-30% in at least 102 cities by 2024
  • It is envisaged as a scheme to provide the States and the Centre with a framework to combat air pollution.
  • It is envisioned as a five-year action plan with 2019 as the first year. There would be a review every five years.
  • States in which the cities are located are expected to produce plans that include increasing the number of monitoring stations, providing technology support, conducting source apportionment studies, and strengthening enforcement.
  • For achieving the NCAP targets, the cities would be expected to calculate the reduction in pollution, keeping 2017’s average annual PM levels as the base year.
  • The NCAP requires cities to implement specific measures such as “ensuring roads are pothole-free to improve traffic flow and thereby reduce dust” (within 60 days) or “ensuring strict action against unauthorised brick kilns” (within 30 days).
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